[diggers350] Get offset my land
fried.parsnips.arent.very.varg at gmail.com
Mon Sep 14 11:54:13 BST 2009
The link doesn't work - but it is here
Carbon Trading Scheme Pushing People off Their Land
Editors note: The version of this story originally moved Aug. 31 by IPS, falsely implied that the project planting trees within the national park is a Clean Development Mechanism project; the project by the FACE Foundation is part of the voluntary carbon trading market and is not covered by the CDM.
As the world's attention increasingly turns to the impact of climate change, at least one project intended to reduce global carbon emissions is accused of displacing indigenous persons from their home in Uganda.
Under carbon trading programmes, companies that release greenhouse gases can either reduce their emissions or buy the right to keep on polluting, by paying for emissions-reducing projects somewhere else.
* Africa must secure right climate deal
The United Nations considers carbon markets an efficient system to guide investments toward cutting greenhouse emissions.
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) established by the Kyoto Protocol allows two types of forestry offsets: reforestation of previously forested areas and afforestation, that is, planting new trees where forests have not existed for over 50 years.
Carbon trading is divided into two separate markets: the compliance market - as provided for under the CDM and the European Union's Emission Trading Scheme, mandatory programmes worth 32 billion dollars last year - and the much smaller voluntary carbon offset market.
Voluntary carbon offsets involve individuals, companies and even governments to pay for projects to mitigate their greenhouse gas emissions.
These projects range from wind farms and other renewable energy sources, to efforts to reduce methane released from landfills, to forestry.
The voluntary carbon offset market is growing rapidly, but in Uganda, the Forests Absorbing Carbon-dioxide Emissions Foundation (FACE), a Dutch organisation involved in the voluntary carbon market, has generated controversy as indigenous people in the Mount Elgon region have been displaced to clear the way for tree-planting projects.
The Uganda Wildlife Authority-FACE Foundation project involves planting of trees inside the boundaries of Mount Elgon National Park.
The project entails FACE Foundation planting 25,000 hectares of trees to absorb carbon dioxide and in doing so, offsetting emissions from a new 600 MW coal- fired power station in the Netherlands.
FACE Foundation then sells the credits to GreenSeat, a Dutch carbon-offset business with Western clients, mainly airline companies.
2009/9/13 Simon Fairlie <chapter7 at tlio.org.uk>
> Carbon offset tree-planting scheme in Uganda throws locals off land.
> Info courtesy of FCRN.
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