Reintroduce killer wild animals while people are evicted & left to starve

Tony Gosling tony at
Sat Apr 2 00:00:09 BST 2016

Nazi super cows: British farmer forced to destroy 
half his murderous herd of bio-engineered Heck 
cows after they try to kill staff
They became so aggressive a UK farmer was forced 
to turn half of them into sausages
Tom Bawden | @BawdenTom | Monday 5 January 2015
The Heck super cows were first created in the 
1920s by German zoologists (Corbis) Corbis
Hitler’s drive to produce the perfect Aryan race 
was not confined to people – it also extended to 
a specially bred herd of Nazi-engineered cows, 
which have turned out to be so aggressive that a 
UK farmer has been forced to turn half of them into sausages.
Derek Gow imported more than a dozen Heck super 
cows to his West Devon farm in 2009, nearly a 
century after they were first created in the 1920s.
But, Farmer Gow, who is the only British farmer 
to own the breed, has been forced to kill seven 
of his herd because the cows were so aggressive 
they repeatedly tried to kill his staff.
“We have had to cut our herd down to six because 
some of them were incredibly aggressive and we 
just couldn’t handle them,” said Farmer Gow, who 
said the meat made “very tasty” sausages that tasted a bit like venison.
“The ones we had to get rid of would just attack 
you any chance they could. They would try to kill 
anyone. Dealing with that was not fun at all. 
They are by far and away the most aggressive 
animals I have ever worked with,” he said.......

Hitler’s Jurassic Monsters sheds new light on the 
Nazis’ terrifying vision for the future
Siam Goorwich for
Wednesday 18 Jun 2014 7:32 am
The brains behind the plan were zoologist 
brothers Lutz and Heinz Heck. Their plan actually 
started as a private project before the Nazis 
came to power, but it wasn’t long before Lutz 
embraced the new regime and became good friends 
with Hermann Göring, Hitler’s second in command.
There were two aspects to the plan – the animals and the land.
The two creatures they focused on (although it 
seems they were working on trying to back-breed a 
few) were auroch (a super-sized, wild and violent 
breed of cattle) and tarpan (the wild and 
aggressive ancestor of the modern horse).
Then there was the land. The area the Nazis 
earmarked for this project was the primeval 
Bialowieza forest in Poland, which was home to 
packs of wolves, the elusive Eurasian Lynx, the 
European moose, and some of the last surviving European bison.
Senior Nazi’s looking at a model of the 
Bialowieza forest (Picture: National Geographic)
So how far did they get in completing this plan?
Well pretty far. Sort of.
They gained control of the land when they invaded 
Poland, and in true Nazi style they immediately 
set about ethnically cleansing it. In three years 
they cleared 20,000 people including a large 
Jewish population who they either executed on the 
spot or sent off to concentration camps....

The place where wolves could soon return
By Adam Weymouth  BBC News Magazine - 14 October 2015
The last wolf in the UK was shot centuries ago, 
but now a "rewilding" process could see them 
return to Scotland. Adam Weymouth hiked across 
the Scottish Highlands in the footsteps of this lost species.
In Glen Feshie there stand Scots Pines more than 
300 years old, and in their youth they may have 
been marked by wolves. It is beguiling to think 
that now, camped beneath them, boiling up water for morning coffee.
Last year I walked 200 miles across the Highlands 
to see how those that lived there would feel 
about the reintroduction of the wolf. The wolf's 
population has quadrupled in Europe since 1970, 
and the fact that they remain extinct in Britain is increasingly anomalous.
With the return of the beaver, the success of the 
wild cat, a growing call for the return of the 
lynx, as well as an EU directive obliging 
governments to consider the reintroduction of 
extinct species, could it be time for the wolf's 
return? David Attenborough thinks so. Yet 250 
years since their eradication, the animal is 
still capable of inciting powerful feelings.
I wanted to see how those who would live among 
them would feel about having them back, and for 
three weeks I followed moors and bogs and ancient 
footpaths, passing the site where the last wolf 
in Scotland was killed, and the glen where some 
hope that the first wolf could come back.
I began my walk on the Alladale Estate in 
Sutherland. At 28,000 acres, it comprises two 
valleys, Glen Alladale and Glen Mor. From the 
summit of the highest peak, Meall nam Fuaran, at 
674m (2211ft), you can see the sea both ways. 
Paul Lister purchased the land in 2003.
In jeans and patched jumper, he seizes hold of my 
hand and ushers me through to the lounge. On the 
walls there are black and white etchings of 
hounds and hunting scenes, the light fittings modelled from antlers.
Lister is heir to the MFI fortune. His father was 
not only instrumental in funding the purchase of 
Alladale, but he inspired it as well. "About 13, 
14 years ago, my dad got very ill and I spent 10 
weeks with him in intensive care," he says. "I 
had an epiphany after that. I stopped working and 
bought a Highland estate that I could start to restore."
We head out in the Land Rover to see some of the 
estate, bouncing along the rutted tracks. He 
points out the bright green swathes on the valley 
sides that are the newly planted saplings - 
800,000 of them since he took over the land.
The peatlands are being rewetted, returning them 
to functioning carbon sinks, removing carbon 
dioxide from the atmosphere. Moose and wild boar 
have been tried, and there is a wild cat breeding programme.
But Lister has greater ambitions. That evening, 
as I sit looking out over the wide and empty 
space, watching the sun going down, I try to 
imagine wolves here. It is not so hard to do.
When he announced in 2007 that he intended to 
fence in Alladale and reintroduce two wolf packs, 
he generated the sort of media furore that most 
campaigns can only dream of. There was 
a  six-part BBC documentary - headlines called 
him the wolf man, and howling mad. But Lister is clear in his vision.
"It's carnivores that are needed to manage deer 
numbers," he says. "Trees aren't out of control in Scotland. Deer are."
Red deer numbers have doubled in Scotland since 
1965, and as I left Alladale I drove before me, 
for several hours, a herd of two or three hundred 
of them. The track traced the bank of the 
Diebidale as it wound up through Glen Calvie.
Grouse gave themselves away, diving forth from 
the heather with a cackle, and once I saw a 
ptarmigan, motionless, camouflaged almost to 
perfection. I ate a lunch of venison leftovers in 
an abandoned cottage high up on Carn Chuinneag, 
sheltering behind a ruined wall, out of the buffeting wind.
By the time I came to the high and open moor, the 
sky had greyed and the rain was blowing, fine but 
horizontal and continuous. The crags of Carn Loch 
nan Amhaichean blurred and vanished.
I tried to hold a path south through the bog, and 
leapt from one peat hag to the next, descending 
into crevasses with ground above my head, the 
runnels of water black and viscous, reflective as 
oil slicks. Glints of colour, purple saxifrage, 
sphagnum moss, the reddening leaves of the bilberry.
Pulling myself up by handfuls of heather as my 
boots slipped and mired, while occasionally, 
emerging from the peat, preserved, a piece of 
fossilised Caledonian pine. Many of these pieces 
have been carbon dated at roughly 4,000 years 
old. Yet now, except for some areas of 
plantation, distant, hung with mist, there was scarcely a tree to be seen.
There is debate as to the extent that the forests 
of Caledonia once stretched. While both climatic 
and human factors contributed to their demise, it 
is deer that are preventing their return. Each 
tree I saw as I walked south was memorable for 
its scarcity, a single birch on a rocky outcrop, 
a clutch of rowan on an island in the river, each 
in some inaccessible spot where it had been protected from the nibbling.
A similar problem, caused by elk, was the reason 
behind the reintroduction of the wolf into 
Yellowstone National Park in 1995. How Wolves 
Change Rivers, narrated by journalist George 
Monbiot, was one of the more unlikely videos to 
go viral last year, now watched by more than 20 
million people. Bringing back the wolf to 
Yellowstone, he claims, not only reduced elk 
numbers, but it kept them skittish and on the 
move, allowing for further regrowth of the trees.
The birds moved back in, and the beavers. Their 
dams created habitat for other creatures, and as 
the roots of the trees shored up the banks, the 
rivers became less sinuous, forming in slower 
flowing pools that attracted still more wildlife.
"The wolves," said Monbiot, "changed the 
behaviour of the rivers." It has the perfect 
narrative arc - the evil wolf redeemed.
Yet David Mech, a biologist who has worked 
extensively in Yellowstone, advises that such 
simple narrative arcs are hard to find in 
something as messy as an ecosystem. Mech does not 
discount all of Monbiot's claims, but cautions 
that as much harm could come to the wolf from 
being marketed as the poster boy of the 
environmental movement as it did in the era when it was hated and feared.
"We as scientists and conservationists who deal 
with such a controversial species as the wolf 
have a special obligation to qualify our 
conclusions and minimise our rhetoric," he says, 
"knowing full well that the popular media and the 
internet eagerly await a chance to hype our 
findings. An inaccurate public image of the wolf 
will only do a disservice to the animal and to 
those charged with managing it."
This is the problem of the wolf. Three hundred 
years might be a blink in biological time, but no 
one can be certain what effects a new top 
predator would have, and polarised opinions make 
rational debate difficult. As such, Lister's plan 
to try out the animal in an enclosure, as beavers 
were established at Knapdale, are seen as a 
positive step by some, but others are scathing of his plans.
The Ramblers (formerly the Ramblers' Association) 
support reintroductions, Helen Todd says, but see 
Alladale as "a rich man's dream". She is worried 
about the precedent Alladale could set - if 
wolves justify fencing in land, they could become 
the guard dogs of the very rich, allowing estate 
owners to subvert the Right to Roam.
"He wants to keep everybody out of the fence 
unless they pay money to go and see them," says 
Todd. "That's not really what we have in mind when we think of reintroduction."
Lister doesn't accept that view. "My problem is I 
want to put some wildness back into a small area 
of the Scottish Highlands, and I want to get on 
with it. I think nature and wildlife take 
precedence. We've done enough to the landscape 
over the last millennia to want to be able to put something back."
"People are part of the landscape too," says 
Todd. "People did use to live there. I'm not sure 
what model we'd use to bring people back, but 
certainly you can't have sustainable development 
if you don't take account of people as well."
Local MSP Robert Gibson sees people, not wolves, 
as "the most endangered species of all" in his 
constituency, as the young move south for 
education and employment. "This is a Clearances 
landscape," he says, referring to the eviction of 
tenants to make way for sheep in the 18th and 
19th Centuries, resulting in Scotland having one 
of the highest concentrations of land ownership in the world.
Three-quarters of Sutherland's 5,200 square 
kilometres are in the hands of just 81 families, 
with one person employed for every seven square 
kilometres. The land needs reform, not rewilding, 
says Gibson, for the common good and public 
interest. "Mr Lister," he says, "doesn't meet either of these criteria."
We asked readers to send us their pictures of 
wolves, you can see a selection here.
Yet Lister believes his wolves would stimulate 
the local economy and bring in 20,000 visitors a 
year. A study on the Isle of Mull supports this, 
where the reintroduction of the sea eagle has 
brought £5m a year to the island, and supports 
110 jobs, Monbiot noted in his book Feral.
The arguments go back and forth, and those that I 
meet as I walk through the Highlands are equally 
divided. One night I stop in the bothy at Ruigh 
Aiteachain, and it isn't long after I have 
explained my journey to those sitting around the 
fire that the debate is getting heated.
"It would make me more scared to walk," says one 
man. "I grew up in the country and I still 
wouldn't like them. I think it would backfire. 
Especially with kids and old folk around."
"A few might be okay," says his son. "But if 
there were thousands of them, getting into packs. 
You'd have urban wolves. I wouldn't want that."
"I'm from Poland," says a woman. "We're used to 
them. Animals don't scare me. I think people are 
the most dangerous species on earth."
"I'm all for it," says another. "To be lying in 
your tent in the middle of nowhere and to hear a 
wolf cry. Now that must be quite something."


  A map showing the distribution of wolf 
populations throughout Europe Wolf populations in Europe

I stop at the Inverness Museum to meet Cait 
McCullagh, archaeologist and curator. I had 
crawled from my tent on the north side of the 
Beauly Firth two hours earlier and rushed across 
Kessock Bridge with the morning commute to make the meeting.
I have come to see the Ardross Wolf Stone, a 
Pictish carving from the 6th or 7th Century. It 
is a beautiful piece: head down, mid lope, the 
curves of its line speak of movement and of 
muscle. "It's clear from the art that they are 
people who are hunting these animals," says 
McCullagh. "There's an observational quality that 
I think comes from spending a lot of time with the animal out in the field."
It is the most tangible sense I have yet had that 
once there were wolves that walked here. I could 
touch this carving before me, this carving done 
by someone who had seen a wolf, many wolves, 1,300 years and 30 miles away.
The wolf was once the most widely distributed 
land mammal on the planet, except for us. They 
were more or less eradicated in Wales by the 10th 
Century, and in England by the 13th. They were 
destroyed in part to protect livestock, and in 
part because of what they had come to represent.

Since Jesus has been associated with the lamb, 
the wolf has been associated with the Devil. For 
Doug Richardson, head of living collections at 
the Highland Wildlife Park, this is the biggest 
impediment to a reintroduction. "It's all doable, 
and I personally think it's worth doing," he says.
"The problem is dealing with the mythology. The 
Little Red Riding complex. The lying cow killed 
her grandmother, blamed the wolf, became a 
fairytale." He shrugs. "The rest is a nightmare."
I have come to the Wildlife Park to see the 
wolves. After two weeks of walking and talking 
about them, the prospect of seeing them in the 
flesh is tantalising. There are four of them, all 
females, stretched out on the roof of their 
shelter, the muzzle of one upon the flank of another.
And unlike the Bactrian camels grazing nearby, 
they look entirely at home on this wet and chill 
spring day. It is the bars which seem to have 
imposed. Their pelage is the colours of the 
forest - the browns of the earth and the greys of 
the pines and the faint blue of the lichen. 
Chaffinches and pied wagtails flit above them.
One stands, stretches with her forelegs out, her 
back a low curve. She jumps from the roof and 
paces, sniffing, moving through the enclosure in 
a fluid, loping trot. There is something so close 
to familiar - I know these movements from every dog I have ever seen.
Before the horse, before the sheep, before any 
other animal, it was the wolf that we 
domesticated. She returns with a bone and bounds 
to the roof, pins it with a paw and begins to crack it with her molars.

Beaver: Hunted to extinction for fur, meat and 
medicine, they were officially reintroduced to 
Knapdale Forest in Argyll, south-western 
Scotland, between 2009-10. The trial is the first 
formal reintroduction of a mammal to take place 
in the UK. Colonies that have recently appeared 
on the River Tay in eastern Scotland, and the 
River Otter in Devon, are of more mysterious 
provenance. In June 2015 it was reported that one 
of the females living on the River Otter had given birth.

Goshawk: Wiped out in the 19th Century, partly 
due to deforestation and relentless persecution 
by gamekeepers. Unofficially re-introduced from 
the 1960s onwards by falconers and hawk-keepers, 
some were deliberately released and others 
escaped into the wild. There are thought to be 
about 500 pairs in Britain - 150 of them in 
Scotland, mainly in the borders, the north-east and Dumfries and Galloway.
White-tailed sea eagle

White-tailed sea eagle: Became extinct in the 
early 20th Century, reintroduced to the Isle of 
Rum, one of the islands of the Inner Hebrides, in 
1975. The white-tailed eagle is the largest UK 
bird of prey, with a wingspan of about 2.45m 
(eight feet). Numbers are still very low as work 
to reintroduce the species has been hampered by the theft of eggs.

Osprey: Having disappeared from the British Isles 
by the start of the 20th Century, they began 
breeding again at Loch Garten in Strathspey in 
1954. Since then conservationists have worked 
hard to encourage the population to increase by 
protecting nests and introducing the bird to 
other sites in Britain. There are now estimated 
to be between 200 and 250 breeding pairs.

Reindeer: The most recent fossil evidence is 
8,300 years old. Reintroduced into the Cairngorms 
in 1952, there is a single herd of about 150 
animals. They range freely in the highlands, but 
are tame and popular with tourists.
Great bustard

Great bustard: Hunted to extinction in 1832, they 
were reintroduced to Salisbury plain in 2004, 
with the first chick fledging in 2009. The great 
bustard is one of the heaviest flying birds alive 
today - the male bird can reach up to one metre 
tall (3ft3in) and weigh 16kg (35lb).
Red kite

Red kite: Reduced to a handful of birds in Wales, 
the red kites were released in north Scotland and 
the Chiltern Hills in Buckinghamshire in SE 
England during the late 80s and early 90s. 
Successful breeding populations have become 
established in both locations and since then more 
birds have been released in other locations. 
There are now thought to be more than 1,000 
breeding pairs in the Chilterns alone.
Large blue butterfly

Large blue butterfly: First recorded in 1795, the 
large blue was extinct by 1979 due to loss of 
suitable habitat. Following a reintroduction with 
Swedish stock, there are now estimated to be more 
than 10,000, spread over 11 sites, mainly in 
south-west England, including the Polden Hills in 
Somerset, Dartmoor and Gloucestershire.
Pool frog

Pool frog: Became extinct in England in the 
1990s. About 70 from Sweden were reintroduced in 
Norfolk in 2005. The pool frog has since beeen 
reintroduced at a number of other sites, 
including Hampshire, Surrey and Essex. Latest 
evidence suggests they are now well-established and breeding.

Lynx: Applications have been submitted for a 
five-year trial to release around 18 lynx at 
sites in Norfolk, Cumbria, Northumberland and 
Aberdeenshire. Reintroductions into other 
European countries have been remarkably 
successful. The lynx hunts deer and smaller prey 
such as rabbits and hare, and is not regarded as a danger to humans.

A BBC Countryfile poll found the wolf to be the 
most popular animal for a UK reintroduction. Yet 
Richardson suggests that a referendum would be 
unjust, and says that nothing should go ahead 
without the farmers and the gamekeepers on board, 
for the good of both the people and the wolves.
"Those two groups, they're the lock," he says. 
"Everybody else doesn't have many cards in the 
game. When you've got six, seven, eight 
generations doing that job, you've got to have a 
degree of compassion about their livelihood."
The final definitive record of a wolf in Scotland 
is for 1621, but myth places the date much later, 
to 1743, and a man named MacQueen. The story 
sounds improbable: the wolf was huge and evil, 
MacQueen was huge and handsome, the wolf had just eaten a child.
But a day's walk south of Inverness, a few miles 
from where the killing took place, I come across 
David MacQueen, his descendant. Like his ancestor 
he is a hill farmer, with 600 head of sheep.
The National Farmers' Union of Scotland is 
strongly opposed to the wolf's return. In Europe 
shepherds are learning to live alongside them, 
with a mix of old techniques and modern 
technologies - keeping large dogs to protect 
their flocks, or using collars that monitor the 
sheep's heart rate and text the farmer if they are showing fear.
But MacQueen points out that it is hard enough to 
scrape a living as it is. "You're wanting people 
to be farming efficiently," he says, "keeping up 
with the times as it were, and then some joker 
that you see once in a blue moon is saying we're 
going to put all these beasts of prey and raptors 
back and they can all just help themselves. That maybe grates a wee bit."
In Europe compensation is paid to farmers who 
lose stock, an average of two million euros 
annually across France, Greece, Italy, Austria, 
Spain and Portugal, according to Monbiot. Yet 
many feel their livelihood is under threat, and 
are shooting livestock illegally.
In Italy corpses are being left in town squares, 
with calling cards signed by Little Red Riding 
Hood. MacQueen believes no amount of money would 
make up for losing one of his best ewes, and is 
sceptical about the amount of red tape that would 
be involved to claim any money back.
A short walk up the road from MacQueen's farm is 
the village of Tomatin. Outside the shop I meet 
Allan, a gamekeeper on one of the local estates. 
We get into his Land Rover and he drives me up to the land where he works.
Allan's face is both sun- and wind-burnt. He has 
a sandy moustache and is dressed in army 
fatigues. "I'm getting paid to do my hobby," he 
says. "I'm supposed to go on holiday. I'd never 
leave the place if the wife didn't make me go." 
We stop on a rise among the heather and he shuts off the engine.
We sit there, the windows down, listening to the 
crackle of birdsong, looking out across forest 
toward mountains dim and blueish in the distance.
"People think this is a wilderness and there's 
tons of room up here," he says, turning to me. 
"Look at it. All these trees are planted by man. 
We can't quite see the Cairngorms, but that's 
about the only bit of wilderness in Scotland and there's people all over it.
"Wilderness doesn't exist. Man manages this now. 
Scotland's changed forever. Unless they're going 
to get rid of the population and have a few 
hunter-gatherers. The wolves were killed out for 
a reason. They were a problem, to agriculture and 
people living in the countryside. That's why they were done in."
MacQueen killing a wolf in 1743 is but one of 
many "last wolf" stories in Scotland.
On the A9, a few miles south of Helmsdale, is a 
memorial stone to mark the place where "The last 
wolf in Sutherland was killed by the hunter Polson in or about the year 1700".
Yet this is 20 years later than the date given 
for the demise of another last wolf, at the hands 
of Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel in Killiecrankie 
Gorge. This wolf was stuffed and turned up more 
than a century later when the London Museum's 
collection was auctioned off. "Lot 832 WOLF, a 
noble animal, in a large glazed case."
Yet another is set in Strath Glass, at a date 
unspecified. An old woman had gone to the north 
side of the strath to borrow a skillet, and sat 
down to rest on some stones on her way home. As 
she was resting, a wolf crept up on her. Yet 
instead of fleeing, "she dealt him such a blow on 
the skull with the full swing of her iron discus, that it brained him."
Source: James Edmund Harting's British Animals 
Extinct Within Historic Times (1880)
Scotland may not be wild, but I have walked for 
days without seeing anyone - the population 
density in the Highlands is comparable to Chad. 
Besides, wolves do not depend on wilderness. They 
have been recently seen in countries as populated 
as Belgium and the Netherlands.
"They've all got their woolly hat and their 
beard," says Allan, "and they've all been to 
college, and they're all taught the same thing. 
That it'd be better if man didn't exist on this 
planet. That we've got an adverse effect, we're 
not part of the ecosystem, that we shouldn't interfere with anything.
"We've as much right in this place as anybody 
else. It's going to cost some people millions. 
And it's not going to cost the people who think 
it's a good idea a penny." For Allan, and others 
like him, rewilding is finishing the work of the 
Clearances, shifting those who belong off the 
land for commercial gain and the benefit of outsiders.
Yet perhaps a balance can be struck. On the last 
day of my walk I go to watch the beavers that 
have re-colonised the Tay. I had expected a 
mammal that can grow as big as an Alsatian to 
stand out in a landscape where they have not been 
known for centuries, but they merge into the 
riverbanks as though they had never left, more a hiatus than an extinction.
This is not a wilderness by anyone's definition 
of the word - it is a few metres of riverbank at 
the end of some fields, a 10-minute walk from a 24-hour Tesco.
Richardson thinks that it is our definition of 
wilderness that needs reconsidering. "People have 
this idea that if you put a fence up that it'll 
be artificial," he says. "This outdated idea we 
have of 'the wild', it pretty much doesn't exist. 
People say you'd need to constantly manage the 
wolves because it's a finite area. Well, the vast 
majority of the planet is managed in one way 
shape or form. That's just the way it is."
Or as Allan, the gamekeeper, puts it: "In a 
country where you haven't got a wilderness, you have to play God."

Adam Weymouth is a writer and a walker, on Twitter @adamweymouth.
Additional research by James Morgan and Dhruti Shah 
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+44 (0)7786 952037
Twitter: @TonyGosling
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"Capitalism is institutionalised bribery."

"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which 
alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung

Fear not therefore: for there is nothing covered that shall not be 
revealed; and nothing hid that shall not be made known. What I tell 
you in darkness, that speak ye in the light and what ye hear in the 
ear, that preach ye upon the housetops. Matthew 10:26-27

Die Pride and Envie; Flesh, take the poor's advice.
Covetousnesse be gon: Come, Truth and Love arise.
Patience take the Crown; throw Anger out of dores:
Cast out Hypocrisie and Lust, which follows whores:
Then England sit in rest; Thy sorrows will have end;
Thy Sons will live in peace, and each will be a friend.  
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