UK National Civil War Centre in Newark, Notts., When Cromwell killed the King

Tony Gosling tony at
Sun Dec 18 13:59:55 GMT 2016

Richard Darn takes us on a tour of the new English Civil War Centre 
in Newark, Nottinghamshire which opened last year. The 1640s Civil 
war saw almost 10% of the English population killed through fighting, 
disease and hunger but what was it all about? Yes King Charles I and 
the Cavaliers were fighting Oliver Cromwell and the roundheads but 
what was it that divided the nation? And what's the connection 
between Charles I's most trusted military commander Prince Rupert, 
Newark and Bristol?

UK National Civil War Centre in Newark, Notts. - When Cromwell killed the King

"From about 1607 to 1636, the Government pursued an active anti- 
enclosure policy" - W.E. Tate
Charles' anti-enclosure policies may have been the spark that ignited 
the English Civil War

Extract 1
Historians are inconclusive about the origin and cause of the war. 
Whatever brought the merchant classes, or bourgeoisie, to armed 
conflict with the landed feudal gentry, personified by the king, must 
have had a mighty incentive. Driven by the new capitalist class the 
move from collective to private ownership of land was extremely 
lucrative. To halt it, then impose retrospective 'fines', 
unforgivable? [ed. TG]
Extent of Charles' penalties on enclosers
Extract from:  'The English Village Community and the Enclosure Movements'
W. E. Tate, Victor Gollancz, London, 1967. (longer extract below)
Chapter 11
Enclosure and the State in Tudor and Early Stuart times.
The Policy of the Early Stuart Governments

Extract 2 - 'If the reign in its social and agrarian policy may be 
judged solely from the number of anti-enclosure commissions set up, 
then undoubtedly King Charles I is the one English monarch of 
outstanding importance as an agrarian reformer.'
Extracted from
The English Village Community and the Enclosure Movements by W. E. 
Tate, Victor Gollancz, London, 1967
Chapter 11, Enclosure and the State: (A) In Tudor and Early Stuart Times
The Tudor Governments
 From the social and political points of view too the Tudor 
governments disliked such enclosures as led or threatened to lead to 
depopulation. Several of the Tudor rulers, certainly Henry VIII and 
the Lord Protector Somerset, had a quite genuine desire to be fair to 
the small proprietor, who was usually, with good reason, bitterly 
opposed to enclosure. All had a lively apprehension of the danger of 
dynastic or religious rebellion, and all were unwilling that 
malcontents should be presented with the opportunities afforded by 
the existence of a dispossessed and starving peasantry. Even before 
Henry VIII's time anti-enclosure measures had been placed on the 
statute book, and throughout Tudor times there was a long stream of 
statutes, proclamations and commissions, all designed to check a 
process felt to be utterly destructive of the common weal. Thus in 
1517 there was the commission already referred to. Thirty-two years 
later a main count in the indictment against Somerset, under which at 
last he lost his head, was that he had been so slack in suppressing 
Kett's Rebellion in 1549 as to give the rebellious peasantry an idea 
that he was in sympathy with their feelings on the agrarian 
grievances which had led to the disturbance.
So much emphasis is placed on select Jewish participation in Bormann 
companies that when Adolf Eichmann was seized and taken to Tel Aviv 
to stand trial, it produced a shock wave in the Jewish and German 
communities of Buenos Aires. Jewish leaders informed the Israeli 
authorities in no uncertain terms that this must never happen again 
because a repetition would permanently rupture relations with the 
Germans of Latin America, as well as with the Bormann organization, 
and cut off the flow of Jewish money to Israel. It never happened 
again, and the pursuit of Bormann quieted down at the request of 
these Jewish leaders. He is residing in an Argentinian safe haven, 
protected by the most efficient German infrastructure in history as 
well as by all those whose prosperity depends on his well-being.
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