Further origins of the word 'dole'
tony at cultureshop.org.uk
Thu Jan 10 22:23:09 GMT 2013
>I consulted the masssive tome called the OED that sits on my
>shelves. The word and derivates warrant almost two pages, dating
>back to Early Middle English usage. Dole is much used to embrace
>sorrow, mourning,.misery and so forth hence doleful for one example.
>But here's an interesting entry pp 586.'The state of being divided,
>a part or a division of a whole, a portion: era 1000, 1175, 1275: it
>is a parallel derivate - dael - from which we get 'deal.'
>Another cites ' a portion of a common or undidvided field (1523) and
>another derivate of that is 'vale' which means sheltered grassland.
>1880 a qustioner asks a tenant 'what dole do you pay?' an easy
>intro to 'doling' something out. And how about this: common use from 1225 1871
>'a part allotted or apportioned to one, or belonging to one by
>right: share: portion: lot: 1676 "Oure measure and dole is given
>unto us". Nice one from Tennyson 1871 (Last Tournament); 'Hath not
>our great Queen my dole of beauty trebled.'
>But this really interesting: from 1205 onwards the word is
>associated with dealing (doling) out, giving or charity, then 1306
>that which is distributed or doled out, esp. a gift of food or money
>made in charity. Later 1640 we find 'dolesman' a man or woman who
>receives a dole, and the earliest social security office, a
>dole-window whence the dole is handed out.
>So the word enjoys a complex etymology: it is associated
>specifically with land and with deals and ownership thereof: the
>impression of tenants paying rents or allowed to use common land by
>right: deprivation of rights to land: recipients of charity: and
>sorrow or mourning associated with loss, with the implication that
>land or land rights are involved.
>That was fun
+44 (0)7786 952037
Twitter: @TonyGosling http://twitter.com/tonygosling
uk-911-truth+subscribe at googlegroups.com
"Capitalism is institutionalised bribery."
"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which
alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung
Fear not therefore: for there is nothing covered that shall not be
revealed; and nothing hid that shall not be made known. What I tell
you in darkness, that speak ye in the light and what ye hear in the
ear, that preach ye upon the housetops. Matthew 10:26-27
Die Pride and Envie; Flesh, take the poor's advice.
Covetousnesse be gon: Come, Truth and Love arise.
Patience take the Crown; throw Anger out of dores:
Cast out Hypocrisie and Lust, which follows whores:
Then England sit in rest; Thy sorrows will have end;
Thy Sons will live in peace, and each will be a friend.
More information about the Diggers350